History

1535: They were discovered by Bishop Tomas de Berlanga when he was traveling from Panama to Peru and due to the ocean currents his boat was pushed westward, arriving casually to the Enchanted Islands.

XVII – XIX: During the following three centuries the islands were invaded by several English pirates who named the different islands of the archipelago with the names of English kings, captains and aristocrats. Being the first to visit the Galapagos Richard Hawkins, in 1593.

1832: The Ecuadorian Government presided by Jose Joaquin de Olmedo annexed the Galapagos Islands to Ecuador and began to rename the islands with names in Spanish.

1835: The scientist Charles Darwin visited the islands to take several samples of the flora and fauna of the archipelago that would allow to carry out studies and experiments that are the base of the book Theory of the Evolution of the Species in the Earth.

1978: The Galapagos Islands were designated as Natural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.

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Travelers Information

WEATHER

MONTH TEMPERATURE SEA TEMPERATURE
° C  º F ° C  º F
January 25 77 24 75
February 26 78 25 77
March 28 83 25 77
April 25 77 25 77
May 23 73 24 75
June 22 71 23 73
July 22 71 22 71
August 21 70 21 70
September 22 71 21 70
October 22 71 21 70
November 23 73 22 71
December 23 73 23 73

Galapagos Every Months

IMPORTANT

  • The warm season rains begin until May.
  • The water and air temperature increase until June due to warm sea currents.
  • Better visibility under water until March. Ideal time for surface diving.
  • Greater intensity of the sun.

FAUNA

  • On Seymour Island, frigate birds nest throughout the year.
  • On Española Island, marine iguanas change color from green and red to black to reach adulthood.
  • On Isabela Island, land iguanas begin reproduction cycles.
  • Green sea turtles arrive on the beaches of the Galapagos Islands for their egg laying period.
  • Nesting and breeding of red-footed and Nazca boobies.

IMPORTANT

  • The water temperature is the highest of the year.
  • Intensity of the sun.
  • Better visibility under water until March. Ideal time for surface diving.

FAUNA

  • On Seymour Island, frigate birds nest throughout the year.
  • On Floreana Island the nesting of the flamingos begins.
  • On Española Island the Nazca Boobies are finishing the nesting.
  • In Santa Cruz Island begin the nesting of marine iguanas.
  • On Bartolome Island, penguins can be observed sporadically.
  • The most important nesting season for the endemic pigeons of the Galapagos.
  • Nesting and breeding of red-footed and Nazca boobies.
  • Nesting season of green sea turtles, marine iguanas and land iguanas.
  • Nesting and breeding of non-flying cormorants, penguins and flamingos throughout the year

IMPORTANT

  • Maximum rainy season in the High Land.
  • Intense sun and high humidity.
  • In the western islands, warm waters flow. The surface diving is excellent in this zone.
  • Better visibility under water. Ideal time for surface diving.
  • The water temperature is the highest of the year.

FAUNA

  • On Seymour Island, frigate birds nest throughout the year.
  • On Fernandina Island the marine Iguanas are in the nesting stage.
  • On Española Island at the end of this month begins the arrival of albatross.
  • On Isabela Island, in Punta Vicente Roca there is the possibility of observing penguins and tropical fish in the water.
  • Very active marine life.
  • Nesting and breeding of red-footed and Nazca boobies.
  • Nesting season of green sea turtles, marine iguanas and land iguanas.
  • Nesting and breeding of non-flying cormorants, penguins and flamingos throughout the year.

IMPORTANT

  • Maximum rainy season in High land.
  • The water temperature is the highest of the year.
  • Intensity of the sun.
  • Good visibility in the water for surface divers.
  • It is one of the best months in Galapagos due to the climate, water temperature and animals.

FAUNA

  • On Seymour Island, frigate birds nest throughout the year.
  • On Española Island there is a massive arrival of albatrosses to start the breeding season.
  • On Genovesa Island, frigates begin to mate and nest.
  • Sea turtles are in the final incubation season.
  • The eggs of the green sea turtles begin to hatch; as well as the eggs of the iguanas on Isabela Island.
  • Reproduction, nesting and breeding of red-footed and Nazca boobies.
  • Nesting and breeding of non-flying cormorants, penguins and flamingos throughout the year.

IMPORTANT

  • The beginning of the cold dry season.
  • Start to lower the water and air temperature.
  • It is one of the best months in Galapagos for the climate, water temperature and animals
  • The intense sun begins to decrease.

FAUNA

  • On Seymour Island, frigate birds nest throughout the year.
  • In Seymour North the blue-footed boobies begin their courtship.
  • On Española, Floreana and Santiago Islands, sea turtles are still incubating.
  • On Santa Cruz Island, the eggs of the marine iguanas are hatching.
  • On Española Island, albatrosses begin to lay eggs.
  • “Palo Santo” trees begin to shed their leaves.
  • The storm swallow nesting period begins.
  • Reproduction, nesting and breeding of red-footed and Nazca boobies.

IMPORTANT

  • The beginning of the cold dry season.
  • Start to lower the water and air temperature.
  • A very pleasant climate.
  • Increase of the waves.
  • Increase wind strength..

FAUNA

  • On Seymour Island, frigate birds nest throughout the year.
  • On Santa Cruz Island giant tortoises begin to look for suitable places for nesting.
  • In Seymour North is on mating season.
  • Some species of migratory birds begin to arrive.
  • Groups of cetaceans begin to approach the coasts of the Galapagos Islands.
  • Reproduction, nesting and breeding of red-footed and Nazca boobies.
  • Nesting time of albatrosses.
  • Nesting and breeding of non-flying cormorants, penguins and flamingos throughout the year.

IMPORTANT

  • One of the months with the highest wind strength.
  • The sea has more waves than in previous months.
  • The water temperature continues to drop.
  • More activity under the sea. Ideal for snorkelling.

FAUNA

  • On Seymour Island, frigate birds nest throughout the year.
  • Blue-footed boobies and other seabirds are in the best breeding season.
  • In Fernandina Island the flightless cormorants are in courtship and nesting time.
  • On Isla Santiago, American oysters nest on the coasts of Puerto Egas.
  • Mating rituals of lava lizards can be observed.
  • On Isabela and Fernandina Islands, it is possible to observe whales and dolphins.
  • Blue-footed boobies are possible to observe at all growth phases.
  • Reproduction, nesting and breeding of red-footed and Nazca boobies.
  • Nesting and breeding of non-flying cormorants, penguins and flamingos throughout the year.
  • Breeding period of California seal lion.

IMPORTANT

  • The water and air temperature continue to fall. It varies according to the islands.
  • The swell is stronger due to the increase in the strength of the currents.
  • Greater activity of marine life. Ideal for snorkelling.
  • One of the months with the highest wind strength.

FAUNA

  • On Seymour Island, frigate birds nest throughout the year.
  • On Española and Santiago Island begin the courtships of “Galapagos Falcon”.
  • On Isla Española, nesting of albatrosses.
  • On Genovesa Island begins to nest the Nazca Boobies and swallow-tailed gulls.
  • On Santa Cruz Island, giant tortoises begin to return to the Highland to lay eggs.
  • Between Isabela Island and Fernandina Island, you can see more dolphins and whales.
  • Baby sea lions can be seen in the Eastern and Central Islands.
  • Reproduction and nesting of red-footed and Nazca boobies.
  • Migratory birds begin to arrive.
  • Nesting of blue-footed boobies.
  • Reproduction of sea lions.
  • Nesting and breeding of non-flying cormorants, penguins and flamingos throughout the year.

IMPORTANT

  • Higher current strength throughout the year.
  • This month is considered the coldest of the Islands.
  • Greater activity of marine life. Ideal for snorkeling.
  • The force of the winds is still considerable, although it decreases in relation to the previous month.

FAUNA

  • On Seymour Island, frigate birds nest throughout the year.
  • In Bartolome Island there is greater activity of the Galapagos penguins both on the surface, but mainly underwater.
  • On Española Island, nesting of albatrosses.
  • Between Isabela and Fernandina Islands, you can see more dolphins and whales.
  • In the Western and Central Islands sea lions begin the reproduction stage with the females in heat.
  • Nesting of blue-footed boobies.
  • Reproduction and nesting of red-footed boobies and Nazca boobies.
  • Raising sea lions. You can swim with seal puppies.
  • Reproduction of California sea lions.

IMPORTANT

  • Greater activity of marine life. Ideal for snorkeling.
  • The strength of the winds is still considerable, although it decreases in relation to the previous month.

FAUNA

  • On Seymour Island, frigate birds nest throughout the year.
  • On Española Island, nesting of albatrosses.
  • On Santa Cruz Island, giant tortoises begin to return to the Highland to lay eggs.
  • Between Isla Isabela and Fernandina, you can see more dolphins and whales.
  • Reproduction and nesting of red-footed and Nazca boobies.
  • Nesting of blue-footed boobies.
  • Reproduction of California sea lions.
  • Raising sea lions.
  • Nesting and breeding of non-flying cormorants, penguins and flamingos throughout the year.

IMPORTANT

  • Greater activity of marine life. Ideal for snorkelling
  • Winds with less force.
  • The water temperature begins to increase.
  • Good visibility under water.
  • The weather is improving.
  • Reduces the force of the sea.

FAUNA

  • On Seymour Island, frigate birds nest throughout the year.
  • On Española Island, nesting of albatrosses.
  • In the Eastern Islands sea lions are in the reproduction stage.
  • On some islands such as Floreana and islets such as Gardner and Tortuga, several species of jellyfish can be observed.
  • In Champion Islets you can swim with sea lion’s puppies between 3 and 4 months.
  • Between Isabela and Fernandina Islands, you can see dolphins and whales.
  • Begins the second nesting stage of the storm swallows.
  • Reproduction and nesting of red-footed and Nazca boobies.
  • Nesting of blue-footed boobies.
  • Reproduction of California sea lions.
  • Raising sea lions.
  • Nesting and breeding of non-flying cormorants, penguins and flamingos throughout the year.

IMPORTANT

  • Warm weather.
  • The temperature starts to increase.
  • The rainy season begins.
  • Clear sky.
  • The sun begins to increase its intensity.

FAUNA

  • Frigate birds nest in Seymour throughout the year.
  • In Española, albatrosses begin with their flight attempts.
  • Start the incubation of giant tortoises until April.
  • Mating time of green sea turtles.
  • Mating of land tortoises.
  • Reproduction and nesting of red-footed and Nazca boobies.
  • Nesting of blue-footed boobies.
  • Reproduction of California sea lions.
  • Raising sea lions.
  • Nesting and breeding of non-flying cormorants, penguins and flamingos throughout the year.